Predatory Publishers

Researchers are increasingly approached by publishers to submit articles or chapters for publication. Whereas this is normally a flattering experience, please be careful of predatory publishers. Beall's List of Predatory, Open-Access Publishers ( describes these publishers as those that “unprofessionally exploit the author-pays model of open-access publishing for their own profit". Typically, these publishers spam professional email lists, broadly soliciting article submissions for the clear purpose of gaining additional income. Operating essentially as vanity presses, these publishers typically have a low article acceptance threshold, with a false-front or non-existent peer review process. Unlike professional publishing operations, whether subscription-based or ethically-sound open access, these predatory publishers add little value to scholarship, pay little attention to digital preservation, and operate using fly-by-night, unsustainable business models.

An updated version of the list is on Facebook at


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